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MBA碩士畢業論文_PP模式下SC項目的風險研究PDF

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隨著我國經濟的快速發展,為滿足日益增長的物質需求,黨的十八大提出新型城鎮化建設, 我國的基礎設施建設有了新目標。政府作為公共基礎設施建設的主導者,由于財政資金和債務 規模的限制難以滿足高額的基礎設施資金需求。2013年PPP模式開始在我國受到關注。2014 年國務院發表《關于創新重點領域投融資機制鼓勵社會投資的指導意見》,明確提出“在公共 服務、資源環境、生態環保、基礎設施等領域,積極推廣PPP模式,規范選擇項目合作伙伴, 引入社會資本,增強公共產品供給能力”,此后PPP模式在中國獲得了大規模的應用。 PPP模式作為出現在西方發達國家政府和社會資本合作的模式,經過多年的發展,已逐漸 成熟。通過借鑒西方PPP模式的經驗,實現促進經濟發展,實現合作“共贏”對我國經濟發展 有著重要的意義。 本文內容分為五部分,首先,講述PPP模式的國內外現狀以及PPP項目的背景和意義;第 二,將一般項目與PPP項目進行對比,總結PPP項目的特點;第三,結合PPP項目的特點,對 PPP項目的現狀進行分析,得出PPP模式下的SC項目的風險;第四,通過層次分析法分析項目 風險;最后,針對上文識別分析所得的風險提出相應防控措施。 本文認為,PPP項目有利于緩解地方財政壓力,提高社會基礎設施建設的效率,拓寬社會 資本的業務范圍。但PPP項目存在高投資、長周期、低回報的特點,作為參與PPP項目的社會 資本方以及項目公司,必須提前對PPP項目做好風險識別與評估,做好預案,避免盲目投資導 致利益損失。最后,也希望通過本文為我國社會資本方以及項目公司參與管理PPP項目提供借 鑒。 關鍵詞:PPP模式,PPP項目,風險識別,風險防控 PPP模式下SC項目的風險研究 II ABSTRACT With the rapid development of China's economy, in order to meet the increasing material demand, the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward the new urbanization construction, and China's infrastructure construction has a new goal. As the leader of public infrastructure construction, the government cannot meet the high demand of infrastructure funds due to the limitation of financial funds and debt scale. In 2013, PPP mode began to receive attention in China. In 2014, the State Council issued the guiding opinions on innovation of investment and financing mechanisms in key areas to encourage social investment, which clearly stated that "in the fields of public services, resources and environment, ecological environment protection, infrastructure, etc., PPP mode was actively promoted, project partners were standardized, social capital was introduced, and public product supply capacity was enhanced". Since then, PPP mode has gained a large scale in China Application. PPP mode, as a mode of cooperation between government and social capital in western developed countries, has gradually matured after years of development. It is of great significance for China's economic development to promote economic development and achieve "win-win" cooperation by learning from the experience of Western PPP model. The content of this paper is divided into five parts. First, it describes the current situation of PPP mode at home and abroad, as well as the background and significance of PPP projects. Second, it compares general projects with PPP projects and summarizes the characteristics of PPP projects. Third, combining the characteristics of PPP projects, it analyzes the current situation of PPP projects and obtains the risks of "SC" projects under PPP mode. Fourth, it analyzes the projects by AHP Finally, put forward the corresponding prevention and control measures for the risks identified and analyzed above. This paper holds that PPP project is conducive to easing the local financial pressure, improving the efficiency of social infrastructure construction, and broadening the business scope of social capital. However, PPP project has the characteristics of high investment, long cycle and low return. As the social capital party and project company participating in PPP project, they must do a good job in risk identification and assessment, make a good plan, and avoid blind investment leading to loss of interest. Finally, I hope that this paper can provide reference for the social capital parties and project companies to participate in the management of PPP projects. Keywords: PPP model, PPP project, risk identification, risk prevention and control 南京航空航天大學碩士學位論文 III III 目 錄 第一章 緒論 .......................................................................................................................................... 1 1.1研究背景與研究意義 ............................................................................................................... 1 1.1.1研究背景........................................................................................................................ 1 1.1.2研究意義........................................................................................................................ 2 1.2國內外研究現狀....................................................................................................................... 2 1.2.1國外研究現狀 ................................................................................................................ 3 1.2.2國內研究現狀 ................................................................................................................ 4 1.3研究思路與主要內容 ............................................................................................................... 6 1.3.1研究思路........................................................................................................................ 6 1.3.2主要內容........................................................................................................................ 6 第二章 相關概念的界定與理論基礎 ................................................................................................... 8 2.1 相關概念的界定...................................................................................................................... 8 2.1.1PPP模式概述 ................................................................................................................. 8 2.1.2 PPP項目主要特點 ........................................................................................................ 9 2.1.3 PPP 項目的實施流程 ................................................................................................. 10 2.1.4國內PPP項目的經驗總結 ......................................................................................... 11 2.2 理論基礎 ............................................................................................................................... 12 2.2.1風險管理理論 .............................................................................................................. 12 2.2.2 負債管理理論 ............................................................................................................. 13 2.3.3資產負債管理理論 ...................................................................................................... 14 2.2.4金融脆弱性理論 .......................................................................................................... 14 第三章 PPP模式下SC項目風險的分析 .......................................................................................... 16 3.1 SC項目的現狀 ....................................................................................................................... 16 3.1.1項目實施背景 .............................................................................................................. 16 3.1.2 SC項目簡介 ................................................................................................................ 16 3.1.3 SC項目的特點 ............................................................................................................ 17 3.2 SC項目的風險特征 ............................................................................................................... 19 3.3 SC項目風險因素的識別 ....................................................................................................... 20 3.3.1項目風險識別方法比較 .............................................................................................. 21 3.3.2 SC項目風險識別過程 ................................................................................................ 22 PPP模式下SC項目的風險研究 IV 3.3.3 SC項目風險分析 ........................................................................................................ 22 第四章 PPP模式下SC項目風險的評價 .......................................................................................... 30 4.1層次分析法的概述 ................................................................................................................. 30 4.1.1層次分析法的概念和基本原理 .................................................................................. 30 4.1.2層次分析法的特點 ...................................................................................................... 30 4.1.3層次分析法應用步驟 .................................................................................................. 30 4.2 SC項目風險分析中層次分析法的應用 ............................................................................... 32 4.2.1構建SC項目風險模型指標評價體系 ....................................................................... 32 4.2.2建立SC項目風險因素兩兩比較判斷矩陣 ............................................................... 33 4.2.3風險層次單排序及其一致性檢驗 .............................................................................. 33 4.3項目評價結果分析 ................................................................................................................. 36 第五章 PPP模式下SC項目風險的應對 .......................................................................................... 39 5.1SC項目的風險分擔 ................................................................................................................ 39 5.1.1風險分擔的原則 .......................................................................................................... 39 5.1.2 SC項目的風險分擔 .................................................................................................... 39 5.2 SC項目的風險防控 ............................................................................................................... 40 5.2.1 SC項目社會資本方對風險的防控 ............................................................................ 40 5.2.2 SC項目政府方對風險的防控 .................................................................................... 42 第六章 總結與展望 ............................................................................................................................. 44 6.1 總結 ....................................................................................................................................... 44 6.2 展望 ....................................................................................................................................... 44。。。。。。以下內容略
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