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MBA論文_基于PPP模式的土地一級開發研究_以重慶市DZ集團為例

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更新時間:2020/4/3

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內容簡介
摘要
作為我國城市土地開發的一個創新,土地一級開發對于解決我國城市建設過程中
占用耕地面積之間存在的矛盾,有效促進土地節約,提高單位土地面積利用效率,加
快我國城鄉統籌都發展具有重要意義。但是,隨著城鎮化的發展,土地一級開發需求
越來越大,同時要求也更高。土地一級開發的巨大資金需求,以及開發中拆遷、運作
效率等問題,為當前我國的土地一級開發工作帶來了巨大的挑戰。所以,對我國在土
地一級開發中存在的問題進行分析,探索出在新的形勢下科學合理有效的開展土地一
級開發工作也就具有重大意義
本文運用文獻研究和對比分析以及案例研究法。首先從本文研究的背景和意義入
手,然后對國內外關于土地一級開發和PPP模式的研究和實踐相關研究資料進行了
綜述,在此基礎上確定了本文的基本研究思路以及所采用的方法。第二部分,對PPP
模式相關定義進行了總結,同時對PPP模式的相關理論基礎,政府失靈理論、公共
產品選擇理論、委托代理理論對PPP模式的理論支撐進行了分析,還對PPP模式的
基本特征進行了分析,提出了具有合作伙伴關系、風險分擔、利益共享這三個基本特
征。在此基礎上,對PPP模式基本運作思路進行了闡述。另外,對于土地一級開發
的含義和特點進行了分析,對目前我國土地一級開發現狀進行了描述。第三部分,首
先對傳統土地一級開發模式和PPP模式下土地一級開發進行了對比,說明PPP模式
應用到土地一級開發的優勢主要體現在:有利于在土地一級開發中拓寬融資渠道,合
作參與實現資源優勢互補,通過合作實現政府職能的轉變,同時對其政策層面和操作
層面的可行性進行了分析。第四部分,重點對在土地一級開發中引入PPP模式如何
運作進行了分析,特別是對在土地一級開發PPP模式運作的基本程序以及其中資金
運行等進行了詳細分析。第五部分,是案例部分,在這部分中對重慶市DZ集團DYZ
PPP項目進行了介紹,從其基本情況到項目的基本運作程序和一級開發PPP模式中資
金的運行等都進行了介紹。第六部分,在總結前述案例基礎上,提出了重慶市DZ集
團DYZ PPP項目模式如何在土地一級開發中做好風險與收益分析的一些建議。論文
最后對整個研究進行了總結,同時提出對PPP模式應用到土地一級開發中在政策、
管理以及操作層面上的建議
本文的研究,更多是分析在一級開發中如何引入PPP模式做一個基本分析,同
時結合重慶DZ集團DYZ項目在一級開發中應用PPP模式的先行實踐做一個分析,
為今后土地一級開發中運用PPP模式如何既符合國家監管的要求,又能有效的促進
土地一級開發工作提供參考
關鍵詞:土地一級開發;PPP模式;DZ集團
III
Abstract
As an innovation of China's city land development, land development for city
construction in China for the contradiction between the occupation of arable land,
effectively promote land conservation, improve land use efficiency, the acceleration of
China's urban and rural development is of great significance. However, with the
development of urbanization, the demand for the first-class land development is increasing,
and the demand is higher at the same time. The huge demand for funds and the demolition
and operation efficiency of land development have brought great challenges to the
development of land in China. Therefore, the analysis of the problems existing in the the
first-class land development in China is of great significance to explore how to carry out
the first-class land development scientifically and rationally under the new situation.
This paper uses literature research, comparative analysis and case study. First, we
introduce the background and significance of this study. Then we review the relevant
research data about land development and PPP mode research and practice at home and
abroad, and then we confirm the basic research ideas and the methods adopted in this paper.
In the second part of the PPP schema definitions are summarized, and the related
theoretical basis of PPP model, government failure theory, public choice theory, the
principal-agent theory for the theoretical support of PPP model are analyzed, the basic
characteristics of PPP model were analyzed, proposed a partnership, risk sharing, the three
basic characteristics of shared interests. On the basis of this, the basic operation ideas of
PPP model are expounded. In addition, the meaning and characteristics of the first-class
land development are analyzed, and the present situation of the first-class land
development in China is described. The third part, firstly, the traditional land development
mode and PPP mode of land development were compared, indicating that PPP model
applied to the land development advantage is mainly reflected in: to broaden the financing
channels, the first-class land development in cooperation to achieve complementary
advantages of resources, through the transformation of government functions at the same
time, the feasibility of the cooperation, policy level and operational level are analyzed. The
fourth part focuses on the analysis of how to introduce the PPP mode in the first-class land
development, especially the basic procedures of the PPP mode operation and the operation
of the funds in the first-class land development. The fifth part is the case part. In this part,
we introduce the PPP project of Chongqing DZ group, from its basic situation to the basic
operation procedure of the project and the operation of the first-class land development。
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